The beginning of the 21st century brought growing concern about climate change, food security, poverty, and population growth. Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have increased to 40% from preindustrial levels to more than 390 parts per million CO2. At the same time, there is growing concern over hunger with more than 1 billion hungry in 2009 according to the FAO.
The Carbon Management and Sequestration Center (CMASC) at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio conducts research on the best methods for reducing atmospheric CO2 through sustainable land management practices. Simultaneously, CMASC investigates strategies to enhance food security, improve water use efficiency, and reduce poverty. The research team is led by Distinguished Professor Rattan Lal, research staff, PhD students, MSc students, affiliated universities and other collaborators and sponsors.